According to the Mayo Clinic:
The term “shin splints” refers to pain along the shinbone (tibia) — the large bone in the front of your lower leg. The pain is caused by an overload on the shinbone and the connective tissues that attach your muscles to the bone.
The most common causes of shin splints are:
Inadequate footwear and re-introduction of training as well as decreases in strength in supporting muscles are the main reasons why shin splints tend to be more common during pre-season and early season training.
So how are shin splints treated? Much like other types of soreness, remedies include:
In addition to those, there other possible remedies which might apply depending on the cause of the shin splints. They are:
Whether you are currently suffering from shin splints or just hoping to avoid them, it is also a good idea to strengthen and stretch the appropriate muscles as well. Two exercises that are very effective for shin splint prevention and treatment are the toe walk and the heel walk.